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Logging and Sawmilling Journal October/November 2011

October/November 2011

On the Cover:

British Columbia’s 450,000 kilometres of resource roads are under unprecedented pressures. In addition to being used by the forest industry, the roads are now the arteries for increased levels of exploration by the mining industry, and the oil and gas industry. Read about how the B.C. government is trying to streamline the plethora of different road rules, regulations and operational procedures on page 44 in this issue. (Photo by Jim Stirling)


The forest industry turnaround has started in one of B.C.’s most forest industry dependent-communities —Mackenzie—and in a very welcome move, people are being recalled back to work at the sawmill.

Deal with BC Hydro made bioenergy plant happen

Making the grade, lumber-wise

The recent installation of a completely computer-based grading machine in the planer mill at the Tolko High Level sawmill in Alberta shows that computerized grading systems can indeed make the grade.

Blazing a new business trail

Faced with the shutdown of the local sawmill, B.C. logger Ralph Stewart is blazing a new business trail these days, using B.C. government timber sales to keep his harvesting equipment busy.

Guest Column: Saving money with your fork lift equipment

Scott McLeod of Fleetman Consulting on how to save money through better management of fork lift equipment.

Steady sawmill hand

Thanks to regular equipment improvements and steady family hands running the company, Quebec’s Clermond Hamel sawmill has been able to survive the industry shakeout of the last few years, and is even expanding the business.

Getting Beyond Commodity OSB

Tolko’s Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan OSB operation is going beyond turning out commodity product, with the installation of new technology to create a more versatile forming line that is capable of producing other engineered wood products.

Towing timber

It may go back to days gone by, but forest company Conifex finds that moving logs by water is still a very efficient way to move timber, despite having to deal with the weather on Williston Lake in the B.C. Interior.

Taking forestry matters into their own hands

After years of forest industry frustration in northwestern B.C., the First Nations-owned Gitxsan Forest Enterprises Inc has taken matters into its own hands, and is actively managing, and harvesting, a forest licence the company purchased several years ago.

What’s in…The Edge!

Included in The Edge, Canada’s leading publication on research in the forest industry—now incorporated into Logging and Sawmilling Journal—are stories on Canadian Wood Fibre Centre /Natural Resources Canada, Alberta Innovates - Bio Solutions and FPInnovations research projects.

B.C. driving effort for safer resource roads

The B.C. government is trying to streamline the huge variety of different rules, regulations and operational procedures and in the process overhaul how the province’s resource roads can be more safely regulated.

Tech Update

Logging and Sawmilling Journal has the latest information on what’s new in lumber grade optimization equipment.

The Last Word

Tony Kryzanowski asks …Where is the wood lobby for Edmonton’s massive redevelopment plan?

Supplier Newsline


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MacKenzieA welcome turnaround for Mackenzie

The forest industry turnaround has started in one of B.C.’s most forest industry dependent-communities—Mackenzie—and in a very welcome move, people are being recalled back to work at the sawmill.

By Jim Stirling

About a year ago, a popular restaurant in the town of Mackenzie in the B.C. Interior was acquired by new local ownership. They named it “The Turn”. That’s as in turn around, get back on track, the beginning of something new and positive after multiple local mill closures had sent Mackenzie into an economic tailspin.

Near the north-central British Columbian town, one of those closed down operations—Abitibi Consolidated’s two sawmills and paper making complex—was acquired by Conifex Timber Inc. And this new company, too, is turning things around, hiring people and inviting them to share in something fresh and positive in wood fibre utilization.

That phrase—wood fibre utilization—is key in the Conifex vocabulary.

With the majority of its cutting licence volumes located north of Mackenzie, Conifex uses Williston Lake (left) for more economical log transportation between ice out and freeze up. The logs are then delivered by truck to the re-opened sawmill operations of Conifex in the town of Mackenzie.

The wood itself helps determine its best end use. It may lend itself to conversion to lumber for North America—or China—or for use in bioenergy or other alternate wood products. “We don’t consider ourselves (just) sawmillers. We’re fibre managers,” declares Arnie Federink, Conifex’s general manager in Mackenzie. “We have to get away from thinking of wood being only as good as the North American market. It isn’t just lumber anymore.”

Conifex’s quality wood basket, its two sawmills, a wood fired bioenergy plant scheduled for commissioning in 2012 and a timetable for upgrades and expansions contribute to the company being bullish about the long term future of its Mackenzie operation. Conifex’s owners had a clear vision of that potential when they acquired the Mackenzie site in 2010.

It had been down for about two and a half years, victim to the recession.

“We had to spend some money to get one of the sawmills and planer operational and bring maintenance levels back up to operate on a single shift,” relates Federink. A second eight hour shift in both mill and planer came on stream March 2011 and by the end of September, a split shift was implemented.

The upshot of that was the complex operating 100 hours a week and hiring 20 to 25 new full time employees. It was gratifying for Conifex that more than half the names on the hourly workers recall list (200) were either still available in Mackenzie or chose to come back. “We’re finding very good resumes both in and out of town,” reports Federink. He says recruiting received a boost from the announcement of the operation’s power plant component. Employees liked that there was something new in the mix, it wasn’t just the same thing, he adds.

Arnie FederinkWood fibre utilization is a key phrase in the Conifex vocabulary, says Arnie Federink (left), Conifex’s general manager in Mackenzie, with the wood itself helping to determine its best end use. It may lend itself to conversion to lumber in the company’s sawmill operations or for use in bioenergy. Below is the site of the company’s $50 million bioenergy plant in Mackenzie.

Conifex has been diligent preparing for its growth. Apart from hiring the tradesmen it needs, the company has launched electrical, mechanical and heavy duty equipment operator apprenticeships to encourage participation of the next generation of workers.

Conifex Mackenzie occupies a large industrial site adjacent to Williston Lake with plants in two separate locations. The company is refocusing and upgrading the assets it needs and disposing of the others.

Federink anticipates one of the first capital upgrades will be required in 2012 at the Site 2 planer. He expects the capacity-increasing project will include installation of automatic grade sorting, an increase in lug speeds and improved lumber stacking capabilities. Federink reckons the primary breakdown lines in the two sawmills Conifex acquired are in reasonably good shape. Eventually, the company sees three sawmill lines, two planer lines, the bioenergy facility and possibly a wood pellet manufacturing plant as parts of a coordinated Mackenzie operation.

The existing dry kilns are generally older but most are still doing the job required, for now, he adds.

Along with the production of standard dressed lumber for North American markets, there is a rough green sort for China. Conifex has plans to increase value through heat treating and packing for the Chinese market. “We are also exploring marketing possibilities with other wood products,” he says.

MacKenzieWith the majority of its cutting licence volumes located north of Mackenzie, Conifex uses Williston Lake for more economical log transportation between ice out and freeze up. Federink says the goal is to dump, boom and tow about 300,000 cubic metres to Mackenzie before the end of October.

The mountain pine beetle epidemic gripped the north Mackenzie region about five years ago and those volumes are targeted for harvesting. The longest tow takes about 10 days with a target volume of 25,000 cubic metres. It takes approximately another 10 days to dewater, using a crane to service three logging trucks with specially configured bunks (about 70 metres/load) working the short haul from the dewatering station to the appropriate mill yard.

With Conifex joining Canfor’s operations in Mackenzie and secondary manufacturers like East Fraser Fibre Co., the industry that built Mackenzie is now adding the needed momentum and investment to lead in its economic turn around.