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Logging and Sawmilling Journal October/November 2010

May/June 2011

On the Cover:

The new Highland Wood Pellets plant in Merritt, B.C. recently began operations with the goal of reaching full production by August to meet market demand for the upcoming heating season. Read the full story on the new Merritt plant, and a sister plant in Kirkfield, Ontario, beginning on page 28 of this issue. (Photo by Paul MacDonald)


There are significant opportunities for “bio-age” products for the
Canadian forest industry, but tapping into these new markets is going
to be dependent on integrating this new industry with a healthy
conventional forest products industry.

B.C. contractor starts to invest in equipment

Over the last few years, contractors have been “making do” with their logging equipment—but with things starting to improve for the industry, contractors such as Quesnel Bros. Logging of B.C. are starting to make equipment investments again.

Canfor gets a new top guy

Canada’s second largest lumber producer has a new number one guy, with new CEO Don Kayne taking charge of lumber giant Canfor, and he’s got a strong focus on further developing the China market.

Carrier carries on with mill improvements

B.C.’s Carrier Lumber has made a number of improvements to its Tabour sawmill near Prince George, the latest being the installation of a large log processing line made up of USNR equipment.

B.C’s Top Coastal Loggers

With a revitalized coastal B.C. logging scene, Logging and Sawmilling Journal is pleased to present its authoritative list of the top B.C. Coastal and Vancouver Island logging contractors by volume.

Producing pellets for multiple markets

Woodville Pellet Corporation has built two new wood pellet plants, one in B.C. and another in Ontario, each of which will initially produce 60,000 tons of pellets a year, and serve several markets, including for bio-energy.

Fuel-sipping forwarders

B.C.’s Lo-Bar Log Transport, like all logging contractors, has had some tough sledding the last few years. But they’ve been able to grow, in part due to their fleet of efficient, fuel-sipping Ponsse harvesters and forwarders.

New to Logging and Sawmilling Journal: The Edge!

With this issue, Logging and Sawmilling Journal is now incorporating The Edge, Canada’s leading publication on research in the forest industry, into the magazine. Included are stories on Canadian Wood Fibre Centre/Natural Resources Canada and Alberta Innovates - Bio Solutions.

Tech Update – Small Scale Sawmilling

Logging and Sawmilling Journal has the latest information on what’s new in the big world of small scale sawmilling, in this issue’s Tech Update.

The Last Word

Tony Kryzanowski says forest industry businesses need to re-evaluate their business models, and that the standard model in the industry should be one of price making—rather than price taking.

Supplier Newsline


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B.C.’s Lo-Bar Log TransportFuel-sipping forwarders

B.C.’s Lo-Bar Log Transport, like all logging contractors, has had some tough sledding the last few years. But they’ve been able to grow, in part due to their fleet of efficient, fuel-sipping Ponsse harvesters and forwarders.

By Jim Stirling

Accurately measured logs are decked cleanly, evenly and accessibly.

The snow is plowed well out of the way, allowing good visibility and safe access for men and equipment working on the logging show. And there’s no clutter or logging debris littered around the site.

Trying to maintain a clean working environment is by design for logger Gregory Jacob and his crews. It’s a key to helping the operation run smoothly and efficiently, explains Jacob. Identifying and practicing ways to making the logging show function efficiently these days has never been more important or necessary.

Jacob is president of Lo-Bar Log Transport, a full phase log harvesting contractor based in Prince George, British Columbia. Lo-Bar originated, as the full name suggests, as a log hauling company in Alberta and Jacob saw no reason to change the company name and tradition when setting up shop in B.C.

He began his logging career in 1980 and from 1988 to 2005 was a stump-to-dump contractor for Weyerhaeuser in Drayton Valley, Alberta, eventually harvesting around 300,000 cubic metres annually.

“I was looking for better opportunities and Canfor (Corporation) was advertising for a cut-to-length contractor in Prince George,” recalls Jacob. “At that time, things were rocking and rolling, markets were strong and the beetle infested pine needed harvesting so I applied for the job and was offered it. It was a good opportunity.”

Gregory Jacob president of Lo-Bar Log TransportGregory Jacob (left, in photo) president of Lo-Bar Log Transport, with mechanic Curt Donaldson, with part of Lo-Bar’s fleet of Ponsse harvesters and forwarders. The outfit runs five of the Finnish-made harvesters and two forwarders.

Times since then have been traumatic for the forest industry. “We’ve grown and prospered, not that it’s been easy. But Canfor has allowed us to grow.” Lo-Bar is presently contracted to harvest 450,000 cubic metres annually.

Part of Canfor’s strategy has been using fewer but larger logging contractors.”They offer competitive rates to contractors who are big enough to survive,” outlines Jacob. “We’ve been treated very well by them (Canfor). We’ve all had to tighten our belts but now we’re in a position where we’re optimistically looking to better times.”

A stronger-than-anticipated development of the Chinese market for B.C. wood products is playing its role in boosting the optimism factor. Jacob gives Pat Bell, former B.C. forests minister and still the MLA for Prince George-Mackenzie, credit for his part in promoting the industry’s interests in China. “He’s done a tremendous job with his vision and drive in China and becoming a partner with industry,” says Jacob.

When the Logging and Sawmilling Journal visited, one of Jacob’s logging sides was being allocated to helping out sister mill Canfor Quesnel with wood. A principal reason for re-opening the Quesnel sawmill after its U.S. market-enforced closure was to produce lumber for Chinese markets.

Jacob’s wood specifications for Quesnel were straightforward: lodgepole pine up to 15 inches in diameter and 13 foot four inches long.

Spruce and larger pine were prepared to Canfor Prince George sawmill’s specifications. Lo-Bar operates northwest of Prince George and is a regular fibre supplier to Canfor Polar in Bear Lake.

Key machines to produce logs specified by Canfor are Jacob’s fleet of Ponsse harvesters and forwarders. He runs five of the Finnish-made harvesters and two forwarders, complemented by three Valmet and a John Deere machine. His ‘other’ side has a more typical machine alignment for the region including a Tigercat feller buncher and Waratah harvesting heads. Lo-Bar also operates three John Deere log loaders and has 18 of its own logging trucks. “We started out as a log hauling company so we’ve always had trucks. We ran up to 20 in Alberta and had 10 when we came to B.C.,” says Jacob.

The Ponsse component of the equipment fleet is much more recent, beginning around 2008. The Ponsse machines were purchased from Woodland Equipment Inc., one of western Canada’s leading heavy equipment dealers for the forestry and construction industries. Woodland Equipment is the Ponsse dealer for Western Canada.

Ponsse harvesters and forwarders are used in forests around the world and have been common for years in the Maritimes and parts of Ontario and Quebec. But Jacob's fleet is the first in B.C. and the west. Ask him why he chose to run the Ponsse's and the response is quick and direct. "In a word, efficiency," says Jacob."They appeal to me because they produce wood at a lower cost per cubic metre than the system we were using," he explains.

one of Lo-Bar’s logging sides was supplying Canfor’s Quesnel sawmill with woodDuring a recent visit to the operation, one of Lo-Bar’s logging sides was supplying Canfor’s Quesnel sawmill with wood. Their wood specifications for Quesnel were straightforward: lodgepole pine up to 15 inches in diameter and 13 foot four inches long.

Fuel is a compelling factor. The Ponsse machines are significantly more fuel efficient than other harvesting equipment and fuel costs will only continue to rise, he points out.

The biggest challenge is training more harvester operators. Unlike parts of eastern Canada, there is no resident pool of experienced Ponsse harvester and forwarder operators. “Productivity has climbed since last summer,” reports Jacob, “And I’m absolutely a believer in the system. The key is getting the right people in the seat.”

A full appreciation of what the Ponsse’s are designed to do seems an important ingredient to consistently getting the best performances from the machines. Jacob recounts a familiar message passed on to his operators by one of Ponsse’s North American-based operator trainers when the machines first arrived on his claim. The Finnish instructor told the operators to slow the machine
functions. By the end of the day, there’ll be just as much wood down on the ground and it will have been easier on the operator and the machine.

Lo-Bar and its approximately 50 people have been busy lately despite the market lows, high value Canadian dollar and other associated woes assailing the B.C. forest industry. “We’ve been getting hours on the equipment.”

Jacob doesn’t have hard and fast rules about when a piece of forestry equipment should be considered for replacement. Each is different although all are subject to regular and rigorous preventive maintenance regimes.

“Often, you don’t have much control of the revenue side of the business but you can control costs to varying degrees,” continues Jacob. That is one reason why Jacob’s crews perform most of the needed repairs on logging trucks and equipment in-house at the company’s recently expanded shop facility in a Prince George industrial area.

Jacob notes the prolonged recession has had its effects on the loggers’ supply chain for new equipment. But that is changing as the industry in all its phases gathers momentum and Jacob anticipates manufacturers will soon be introducing more new logging machines and equipment into the marketplace. “For the contractor, you have to try and stay ahead of the technology curve and keep improving,” he says.