By Jan Jackson
KC VanNatta of VanNatta Brothers Logging didn’t see the Quadco 4400 feller head on display at the February 2020 Oregon Logging Conference in Eugene, Oregon. However, his brother Robert did.
When Robert told him how the head would let a single operator cut and control the placement of up to 48-inch trees and then load them on the truck, KC headed for the Internet to find out how he could get one. Eight months later, VanNatta’s crew was operating what was then the first and only feller head of its kind in North America.
The Quadco 4400 (QB4400) was invented by New Zealander Paul Rosin to harvest the fast growing but brittle and limby Radiata pine. Quadco saw the need for it in North America and about two years ago, they bought the patent, tweaked the design and started production.
Kirk Luoto, Northwest Forestry Specialist Territory Manager for Modern Machine’s Portland, Oregon, office, facilitated the sale to VanNatta Brothers Logging.
“I’ve known KC for many years and wasn’t surprised that he would be interested in adding the QB4400 to his operation,” Kirk said. “As a private landowner, his 1500-acre mixed rotation operation was a perfect match, and he had a big enough machine to put it on. Because the 4400 comes with a maximum sock that can do a 50 or 55-inch bar, it will handle a big tree. One of the beauties of it is that a logger can take his old equipment and make it ready for the 21st century—and that’s what KC did.
“I was there three or four different times talking to him about the machine, talking about the head, and making sure we got the right measurements so we could get the correct adapter Quadco was custom making for it,” added Kirk. “We had some challenges mounting it up to his machine because of all of the electronics involved, but we were prepared for it and made it work. My main job, however, was making the calls that kept KC connected with the people at Quadco and connecting all the other dots together so things could go as smoothly as possible.
“KC has done some pretty amazing things out there already. It was so amazing to watch him work. He knows exactly what he wants to do, understands what’s best for his property and is very well set up to do it.”
The VanNatta Brothers Tree Farm, located near Rainier, Oregon, was developed on property George VanNatta bought and moved his family to in 1940.
“My dad, who was a lawyer, and his building contractor friend, had two things on their mind when they bought the land on which we still operate,” says KC. “They wanted to get their families out of St. Helens before the war broke out, and they wanted to follow their dream of starting a cattle ranch.
“The land they found was covered with willows, maples, snags and black stumps from a previous forest fire and defective Douglas fir that the Deer Island Logging Company had rejected,” added KC. “Dad ended up buying his partner out and going it alone and we ended up developing the property as a tree farm/logging operation. I still run a few cattle in the trees, just to keep the grass down.”
KC continued: “My interest in the QB4400 is that I can harvest and load both the big timber for the domestic market, the smaller eight to 19-inch stuff for export and do it all with my three-man crew. Before, to do the same things, I had to bring in two tree fallers at $700 a day. An additional savings is that because you can control the way the tree falls, we don’t get the damage we had before with the other felling methods. All of those things add up.”
And there is now some big wood. “Some of these big Douglas firs were head-high when Dad moved me here as a five-year-old.”
Son Jeff is running the machine and it’s been a steep learning curve for him. “He’s finding out it’s all between the operator and the tree and you have to get everything right.”
Jeff VanNatta, who was born and raised on the family tree farm, has been the sole operator to date. Armed with a degree in Industrial Safety and Health from Oregon State University and seven years of night school courses in nuclear machining, he is the most experienced at running their Cat 330-BFB forest machine.
“I was used to running feller bunchers and bar saws, but I had never run a bar saw on a feller buncher before,” says Jeff. “After a couple of days and a couple of bent bars I started to get the feel of when to stop cutting on the tree and the big question is, just when to stop.
“It is easy to operate,” he says. “You can let go of the trigger and the bar will come back and then pull the trigger again and it’ll go back in and cut some more. You can sneak up on it that way, but you can also cut too much at one time and then you have an issue. You can see the tree start to move, but you may still have four inches of wood left. If you don’t get it cut down to maybe an inch-and-a-half or so, it’s going to split up the side of the tree. It’s one that everybody has to figure out.”
Jeff adds: “On the smaller trees, upwards pressure before sawing causes the tree to turn off-stump. On the larger trees, you watch the sawdust for the color of the bark. But it’s falling trees over 36 inches where the QB4400’s 270-inch saw rotation really shines. This means you can place the head against the right side of the tree, swing the saw all the way out, cut the face and then move the head to the back side and fall it.
“We have the Jewell feller buncher package on our machine and now with the 9,000-pound QB4400, it probably weighs 110,000-pounds,” says Jeff. “The point is, you want it on a big machine, and you want it on a shovel-front or a feller buncher boom assembly that’s designed for this activity and not on a machine with the 45-foot boom.
“The operations manual hadn’t been written yet and there wasn’t anyone around that had ever run one, so I bent the bar on the very first tree I fell,” says Jeff. “Now I carry an extra bar and lots of extra chains so I can change them in the woods. My advice is to have spare bars and extra chains and maybe a fifty-ton press for straightening bars.”
Joel Doupe, Northwest sales rep for Quadco, is optimistic about the future for Quadco’s new feller heads.
“We had a lot of interest in the QB4400 at the conference and then COVID came along and threw water on everybody’s fire,” says Joel. “The beauty of this product is you have basically a controlled fall head so you can lay the tree where you want it.
“With a regular felling head, you’ve got to be pointed the correct direction and then once you cut that tree off the stump it’s going, its falling. It’s free falling and it crashes to the ground. This machine places it on the ground. It’s just a great multi-purpose tool.
“The QB4400, manufactured in Kamloops, B.C., takes Quadco about a week to assemble from the time it’s a piece of metal until final assembly,” adds Joel. “They are assembling them now, so I expect to see some at our facility. We are also working on a 3500 and a 2500, so we will have a small, medium and large.”
The Quadco Group, which showcases Quadco, Southstar, Log Max and Keto, is located in the brand-new Port of Kalama industrial complex in Kalama Washington. The 22,000-foot facility includes the show room, parts, service and installation all under roof.
On the Cover:
New Brunswick logger Marco Caron knows that business success in harvest contracting depends on basics: a well-motivated team, keen business skills and good equipment. In that last area, Caron’s harvesting equipment includes two Ponsse Scorpions. In fact, Caron was so impressed with his 2017 Scorpion harvester that he added a second 2018 Scorpion model to his operation. (Cover photo by George Fullerton).
Big things are happening at GreenFirst Forest Products—the company has bought six sawmills in Ontario and Quebec from Rayonier. We get the scoop on what’s going on at the company, with an interview with its new CEO—and lumber industry veteran—Rick Doman.
New sawmill investments by Resolute Forest Products
A look at recent sawmill investments by Resolute Forest Products, as it works hard to generate more production in super-hot lumber markets.
Innovative logger meets innovative iron
VanNatta Brothers Logging is seeing solid success with the first Quadco 4400 (QB4400) feller head in North America, which is now manufactured in B.C.
New Hampshire mill gets new Canadian technology
The upgrade of the Milan Lumber sawmill involved a fair bit of Canadian mill equipment, including i-DNA species identification technology from Autolog.
Delivering gains at Downie Timber
Downie Timber of Revelstoke, B.C., is investing to upgrade its edger line with USNR’s BioVision technology, to deliver the utmost in recovery, with New West Mill Installations as the contractor assigned to deliver the finished product during challenging COVID times.
Successful logging formula
New Brunswick logger Marco Caron’s formula for business success includes family involvement, solid equipment operators, and logging iron that delivers day-in, day-out in the bush.
Tech Update: Dry Kiln Suppliers
We take a look at the new features and technology among Dry Kiln Suppliers in this issue.
Included in this edition of The Edge, Canada’s leading publication on research in the forest industry, are stories from the Canadian Wood Fibre Centre (CWFC) and FPInnovations.
The Last Word
In spite of the COVID-19 virus, the forest industry is buckling down and—as it always has—is getting the job done, says Jim Stirling.